News of the outbreak of the revolution, the establishment of Soviets in Petrograd and Moscow, the abdication of the Tsar and the formation of the bourgeois Provisional Government reached Lenin in Zurich, Switzerland, through the extra editions of the local newspapers on March 15, 1917. The following day he wrote to Alexandra Kollontai in Norway that “the ‘first stage of the first revolution’ bred by the war will be neither final nor confined to Russia” and observed that, although the workers, supported by the revolutionary soldiers, had carried through the revolution, state power was seized by the bourgeoisie according to “the same ‘old’ European pattern.”

Download Lenin-Letters From Afar-V I Lenin-1932