Article from publication of Applied Learning Technologies, Warrenton, VA by Cheryl Samuels, Control DataCorp., 1981 related to implementation of programmed learning, mastery learning, etc. in developing countries. States “It is imperative that the educators first be encouraged, exhorted to make a conceptual transition from the traditional, teacher-centered, curriculum to a learner-centered curriculum. This is a critical transition to require not only of educators in developing countries but also of all educators being encouraged to apply systematic planning techniques. Concepts of mastery learning (direct instruction, ed) and management by objectives are likely to be very attractive to educators in developing countries.” Importance of this article lies in fact international educational restructuring is a result of research and development carried out in American educational and corporate laboratories and schools.